pitching and planning a production

treatment:

I’m focusing on cyber bullying for my short film because they are cheap and easy to film as I can use the actors house and laptop so I will not have to buy props or hire a set this makes it more realistic, it is also a current dilemma/ situation for anyone in the world with internet access. This appeals to the UK film audience because anyone who can access the film will likely have internet access so it is relatable/common. Most/all short films about bullying, professionally made in the UK, have been popular and it is a current issue, so it can be interesting for the viewer. Scene one: main character on their computer. I want the storyline to be established instantly. It will be a teenager – This is more relatable to the subject. It will then show the main character with friends, showing them the messages; it will go from there to revealing her friends made a fake facebook profile to tell her what they really think. The next scene will be her finding out and losing her friends. The next scene will be her moving schools and dealing with her old “friends”. The last scene will be the police going to the main characters friends house and leaving with the friends in handcuffs. This last scene will be in slow motion, fade to black, credits come up. There are 3 main characters in the film. The main character is called Ellie, she is the one being cyber bullied She has 2 friends that are girls: Lauren and Sabie. My film is going to be a short film, this is because this type of genre is usually about 50 minutes long which fits in well with the UK film industry trends, like the film, cyber-bully, this was aired on TV and was very popular among young people.

synopsis:

In a world where technology is key, a young girl struggles to keep her happiness alive. A young girl called Emily has been tortured through the internet, her own friends continue to cyber bully her in secret. She struggles to the will to stay alive as her torment slowly breaks her. She is forced to stay quiet as she slowly realizes it is her friends. Her own silence torments her throughout the film until she finally tells the police. This leads to the arrest of the bullies and the end of the film.

Title medium:

The title of my film is dark net, this is because it helps to get to the point of the film but doesn’t give too much away so the audience are intrigued by it. The title is also short and snappy which will attract a wider audience because it is easy to read, this fits with the current trends of the UK film market because most films only have a few words for the title.

running time:

i would like for the running time of this to be 50 minutes to an hour, this is because it fits in with the usual time a short film runs for. This also appeals to teenagers because they have a shorter attention span than others so they will easily be able to stay engaged in the film.

cast /cast list:

I can go to a local group in Melksham called stagecoach, they focus on acting, singing and dancing i could do this because they have training from real actors , i could also ask the drama group in new college, Swindon. this is because they will like to add more to their portfolio of what they have starred in, this means they will be more willing to do it for free.

Main role: Georgina Kite will be playing a teenager called Ellie carter i would like her to play this role because she is the same age as my target audience (16) so they will find this more relateable, it is also because she has the same sexuality as the character so she might be more emotionally attached to the role and preform better as she has had these things said or done to her.

 

extras: i will use extras because i want to focus on the one person throughout the film, this means the audience can be more attached to her and it makes it easier to follow the story line.

target audience:

My target audience is young adults / teenagers. This is because the issue is associated with them the most this makes it relatable to the UK film industry because it will easily target them . This is the primary and niche’ audience because this is the group of people that will mainly watch it. I will then have a secondary audience of teachers, police or parents. This will be because they want to know more about the issue and my film will be based on facts. I would like the film to be popular in the UK, this is because i will be using a solely UK cast and it is a low budget short film. The film can be aimed at an active audience (people who are watching the production and taking an active part in it EG. commenting on the storyline as they watch) as they will want to follow the story line and understand what is going on. It can also be viewed by a passive audience (people who are watching but aren’t really paying attention EG. having it on whilst on the background) because it will be a pretty easy story line to follow.

budget/funding:

funding: i could get my funding from a range of different companies, this is because the UK film industry does not have the money to give loads of money to film producers. I could get my funding from ishorts+ they produce films that raise awareness which is what my short film is doing. They will give me up to £10000 to get the rest of the money i could get funding from beacons as they award up to £15000 they also allow emerging film makers to test their skills this will be useful because i will have to hire a slightly less professional crew to make this film because i will not have the money to hire a proper film crew.

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production schedule:

launch date: I have decided that the launch date for my production will be September the 30th 2016, this is because i want it to come out during the school term so that it is more relateable to people. It is also after all the big movies come out so they will not “drown out” my production. This gives enough time to complete all elements of production as it is just under a year away. It should also allow some extra time for when the crew need to take days off.

relevant legal/ethical issues:

copyright means that if anyone has made/named something you can not use it without their permission and you mostly have to pay people to use their song/brand/logo. i can avoid this by using own made music or using the music department in the college to adapt songs so they are not the same i can also use the graphics department to create any logos needed for the production.  As i want this film to be on before the watershed which is 9:00pm(so more people can watch it)  there will be no offensive language or gory scenes, this will also make sure that nothing offensive is in the production. To film on properties i will have to write permission letters, to do this i will have to use professional language and possibly pay the owner of the place i would like to film. If i wanted to film in a public place i need filming permission, i will need the co operation of the public police and local authority. I will inform the police of any written planned filming to help with this process i can contact the UK screen agencies. As I will need permission from the  local authority or council. i will have to get in touch with them first they are responsible for public land, public buildings, roads and parking. The UK screen agencies can also help me with this.

Classification:

My film will be an age rating of 15, this is because it is a serious issue and i would like to add some maturity to the film, this means that slightly older teens can watch it.

 

 

Working Title

What is Working Title?

Working Title is a production company that produce movies and television programs. It was co-founded in 1983 by Tim Bevan, Sarah Radclyffe and William Royal.

Structure:

It is based in London but has studios across the world, such as Ireland, Los Angeles and California. It is owned by Universal studios, and Comcast, Working title get most of the funding from these companies as they support the making of Working Titles films and television programs. There have been many company collaborations. Working title productions have working with companies such as Carnival Films, Monkey Kingdom, Chocolate Media Universal Pictures,Relativity Media and Cameron Mackintosh Ltd. Although contractually allowed to produce any film with a budget of up to $35 million, Bevan and Fellner consult with studio executives Comcast.

Products:

Working title have produced many films. their main genre is romantic comedies, such as: About Time, Bridget Jones’ diary and definitely, maybe. They also produce smaller low budget indie films such as: Notting Hill, Ned Kelly, A serious man, Frost/Nixon. Working Title have also done many comedies such as hot fuzz, johnny English, Paul and Shawn of the dead. The cast in the film ‘about time’ consists of a mostly British cast, the actors (that are British) are:

  • Rachel mcadams
  • Domhnall Gleeson
  • Bill Nighy
  • Lydia Wilson
  • Will Merrick
  • Vanessa Kirby

the director is Richard Curtis, He is a British screenwriter and director. he has also directed, love actually, and the boat that rocked which are all British films.

The mise en scene in Les Miserables is very consistent as it has the same style throughout to show the time period (French revolution) there is a clear contrast between characters, this means that the audience can easily see what class they are just by looking at the costumes. The backdrops are quite dark this is to symbolize the characters emotions and thoughts. There is a range of camera angles and the scenes do not cut very sharply however they do not slowly fade in and out,  the scenes jump but only at necessary times such as when the character is talking to another character. This is because the director wanted to keep the audiences attention by keeping the camera as still as possible to see the facial expressions and body language clearly. There is clear meanings created through the songs because it is a musical they have to show emotion through their voices. this means that the audience can clearly understand how the character is feeling.

Production Process:

Pre production:

Les Miserables (2012) is not an original idea, although it is meant to be played in theatres, it has been adapted to be a musical film, it is based on Les Misérables by Claude-Michel Schönberg which was originally based on The novel, Les Misérables by Victor Hugo. casting for the main characters started in November 2011. Casting for extras started in February 2012. The script was written by, William Nicholson, Alain Boublil, Claude-Michael Schonberg and Herbert Kretzermer. The latesat veersion (2012) had Kate Fasulo as the production supervisor, she works for Working Title. All location scouting and filming was done in:

Old Royal Naval College, Greenwich, London, UK

Ashridge Park, Little Gaddesden, Hertfordshire, UK(winter countryside outside Paris)
Portsmouth, Hampshire, UK
Boughton House, Kettering, Northamptonshire, UK
Pultney Bridge and Weir, Bath, Somerset, UK
Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, UK
Winchester College, Winchester, Hampshire, UK
Frithsden Beeches, Hertfordshire, UK(woodlands)
Chatham Historic Dockyard, Chatham, Kent, UK
Pinewood Studios, Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire, UK
Ewelme, Oxfordshire, UK
Winchester, Hampshire,  UK
Richard Attenborough Stage, Pinewood Studios, Iver Heath, Buckinghamshire, England, UK,
Wolvesey Castle, Hampshire,  UK
Production:
The equipment used in Les Miserables include:
Boom mics
DPA mics
Wide angle lenses
light meters
master prime lenses
lavalier microphones
earpieces (as musical guides)
filming: The Director Tom Hooper had said that all filming had been completed 23 June 2012. There was a $61 million budget on the film, this means that most filming had to be in local places, which is why it was mostly shot in England – Pinewood Studios. The vocals were shot live, this means that there had to be multiple cameras on set (at least 10) so the singing wasn’t being constantly interrupted and that they had a complete clear shot with different angles at the same time. The actors were told to move freely as the director (Tom Hooper) thought that they were under enough pressure, doing multiple shots and listening to the music without having to worry about where they were to stand.
post production:
The editors of Les Miserables were, Melanie Oliver and Chris Dickens. As the sound was recorded live on set there was no need for a pre recording to be synced up to the actors. The sound Technician decided this was the best way to do it because there is more freedom in the song, which looks more realistic. the whole production was digitally edited as this is faster and makes it easier to keep to the editing schedule. during the editing stage there were added visual effects to add to the effect of an early, poverty stricken French society. Artists combined green screen bridge footage of Russell Crowe from Pinewood with digital versions of Paris for the final shots.
Marketing/Promotion:

Working Title promote their films/TV shows through social media, they advertise the shows/films more than the company, because they make small clips of a particular film/show and put that on Facebook or twitter this appeals to a wide audience because people across the world use this social media as it is a way that people can stay in contact with each other, YouTube is a big contribute for this as they allow trailers before vloggers or entertainers videos. Les Miserables’ first teaser trailer posted online on 30 May 2012. The film also has it’s own official Facebook page which launched on 20th of September 2012. Les miserables was advertised through the internet, the trailers were streamed on social media such as Facebook and twitter. The official photography of Les Miserables was posed on billboards the photography was usually the main character with the release date. this is to keep it simple because people will be in their cars and will go past it quite quickly.

reviews: 

“This “Les Mis” does make you feel, intensely and sometimes thrillingly, by honoring the emotional core of its source material.”

“Absolutely incredible – easily matches the likes of The Hobbit, Lincoln and Zero Dark Thirty”

“I`m not a fan of musicals at all, so I watched this expecting to hate it, but I liked what it was all about.”

“There are undoubtedly some amazing scenes in there, almost all the feature songs of the original musical have really been captured well”

The Telegraph gave the film a 5/5 star rating, and metacritic gave the the film 63% out of 100% the film overall was very successful with mostly good reviews. the cast had done radio interviews before and after the film with BBC radio 4, Ollie Cole and radio times, they mainly spoke about how it was going, what had happened and if there were any funny stories, they also said when the film was coming out along with when the teaser/main trailer was coming out. (before the film) once the film had come out they mostly discussed how many takes they had to do, what the other actors were like, if there were any more funny stories, and how close(relationship wise)  the actors had become. The merchandise is mostly clothing, this includes t-shirts and pajamas. They mostly have the main characters prisoner number on them or characters faces.  There are also phone cases, bracelets, posters and stickers. The main product is the DVD or Blue-ray and the second main product sold is the CD with the main songs on which is sold online (amazon or ebay) or in stores such as HMV and most supermarkets.

Distribution:

Les Miserables was distributed by Universal Pictures. Working title have a strong relationship with universal because universal is the company that provides most of the funding so naturally they helped fund les miserables.It has been shown in multiplex cinemas such as odeon and vue. The DVD individually is £8.45 online. The film has now been distributed onto now tv and sky movies, the two companies work together.

Market Position:

Working Title’s competitors include: Studio Canal, Tiger Aspect Pictures & Film Four. The appeal of the film to the UK audience is mostly that it is shot in UK locations and that it has UK actors in. The contrast of this  being that it appeals to the British audience, this makes it appealing because many people find this interesting or entertaining. Working title isnt associated with Hollywood much because it is an English film production company, however they do have studios in america, Los Angeles and California.

Audience Appeal:

The film appeals to a passive audience because they can loosely follow the film by listening to the songs or just glancing at what is happening occasionally.  It appeals to active audiences because it has an easy story line to follow and is in English so most of the world can understand it.

references:

https://www.workingtitlefilms.com/

http://www.imdb.com/name/nm3575723/?ref_=tt_cl_t4

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Working_Title_Films

https://www.google.co.uk/search?q=who+ownes+working+title&oq=who+ownes+working+title&aqs=chrome..69i57j0.6431j0j4&sourceid=chrome&es_sm=122&ie=UTF-8

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Mis%C3%A9rables_(2012_film)

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1707386/locations

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1707386/companycredits

https://www.arri.com/news/news/les-miserables-revolutionary-filmmaking/

https://www.fxguide.com/featured/making-a-musical-les-miserables/

Task 4: P4 M3 D2 – Carry out a Production Role within a Production Team

Vlogs:

Pre Production:

Production:

Post Production

Self Evaluation:

In pre production I helped to write the initial script as I helped to incorporate the storyline, I corrected the spelling and grammar mistakes, I feel I did this quite well as I did it in a short amount of time and it was done in the same day that the script was done. I also made a recording schedule, I feel that I did not do this as well as I could because I kept getting distracted and continued to put it off so it was not done in the short amount of time I was hoping it would be done in, if I was to improve this I would take myself to a room where there were no distractions and sit down to finish / do it. I helped to annotate the storyboard, I wrote what size and type of lenses I was planning to use and what lighting we could use along with what type of shot it was, this was so I could explain to the viewer what me and the director wanted to see within the shot. I feel as though I did this quite well because once one of the pages had been completely filled out with the sketches, it was handed to me to annotate whilst the next page was being completed. I did this quite well because it was efficient and saved a lot of time. I also went out with my crew member Beth to do some test shots with different lighting and scenes, we did this because it would save more time during production as we would know exactly what we wanted to set up and where. I did not do this very well because we did not use many different types of lighting and we did not go to many different locations. If I was to do this again, I would improve it by going to more locations and experimenting with lots of different equipment. As my first role of being the camera operator I feel as though I did not have much to contribute to this section of the project, because there was not much practical work that involved using the camera, however I worked within the time frame the only thing I mostly need to improve is my focus, if I was to focus more then I would be able to get more done in a shorter amount of time as this would then speed up the pre production process.

In the production process I did most of the filming, I walked to and from the locations with equipment such as a tripod, reflector and camera bag that contained lenses, filters and two cameras. I did this very well as I did not have to walk very far and the equipment was not very heavy. I worked with the director to follow the storyboard and choose the best angles. I feel that I did this quite well because I did not get angry if I disagreed however my communication skills were not that good and I could have voiced my opinions more. To improve on this I need to become more confident in using a camera and say more of my opinions and ideas. I manually focused each shot, this was because I wanted the viewer to be able to see the subjects clearly, I feel I did this quite well because me and the director agreed when it was best to stop focusing (when the frame was fully focused). As a camera operator I feel that I still have a lot to learn on the manual mode of the cameras, I do not have much experience changing lenses or choosing which lens to use for which camera and shot / angle to improve this I could find work experience or go to camera workshops. As a camera operator I feel as though I had one of the biggest jobs and that I worked well under that pressure however I need to be able to put my ideas forward better and in a more assertive way, this means that if I disagree then I need to inform the director and actors that I feel this way.

in the post production process I helped to edit the teaser trailer, I did this by creating a base trailer that the main editor could adapt / use. I feel that I did this quite well as it did not take me long and I did it in one day, this shows that I was efficient and focused during this time. I then chose the music to go into the main trailer, I chose an instrumental because I felt that the melody would overpower the dialogue in the main trailer. I feel that I did not do this very well as it took me a long time to decide, however I feel that I picked the right music to suit the style of the trailer. I also colour matched scenes, I feel as though I did this quite well because I taught myself how to do it from a YouTube video and it did not take me very long to colour match the scenes to make it look professional and similar. Whilst I was editing I cut parts of scenes out. I did this because I wanted the trailer to be a certain amount of time and I wanted the audience to stay engaged, as this would make them want to watch the film. I feel as though I did this quite well because I have a lot of experience cutting scenes so I was able to do it efficiently, this means I was able to spend more time on other parts of the production. during the editing process I also added titles to the trailer this was because I wanted the audience to be able to follow the trailer easily and to add a more of a comedic value to the production. I feel I did not do this as well as I could have because I did not follow the script and so it took me longer to think of what to write, If I was to do this again I would improve it by following the script / storyboard to make it easier to incorporate the storyline in the trailer. As my second role of being an editor I feel as though I could have had more experience with the software final cut, however I feel as though I worked well with the director to get his ideas through in the teaser trailer and I took feedback from the rest of the crew quite well about the main trailer.

Peer evaluation:

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Meg has done a very good job at being the camera operator as she has been very knowledgeable about how to use the camera effectively. She has also been good at following instructions given to her by the director. An area to work on is her communication skills when trying to get her opinion over to the director on what sort of shot and angle should be used. Meg is also very good a using the editing software, and made a huge contribution to editing the trailer to a professional level. Meg always contributed ideas through out the entire process.
– Beth Little